Cak or Kecak , which is sometime called the 'Monkey Dance' is a new form of performances designed for tourist. This composite genre was first created by dancers in Bedulu village, Gianyar Province, who were commissioned by Walter Spies.
The group was requested to devise a new kind of Ramayana performance, accompanied solely by the Cak chorus found in Sang Hyang Dedari. In that old exorcist rite, the coral groups consist of perhaps a dozen man, each making a distinctive 'chek chek chek' sound that blends into a complex rhythmic pattern to assist the dancers to sustain their trance condition.
In Cak the chorus of chanting men has been enlarged to a hundred or more chanters/dancers, who sit in concentric rings around a small oil-lamp. One of the members serves as the leader.
Instead of simple repetitive continuous chanting, the chorus performs a highly-structured piece of vocal music, which is exactly one hour long. Melodies and musical ideas from the modern Balinese concert repertoire are heard, and the influence of the Kebyar musical style is apparent.
The creators of Cak introduced a dramatic episode into the performance, performed by a small number of skilled dancers in simple costumes.
In the 1965 the very popular Sendratari Ramayana was introduced at KOKAR, and in 1969 students returning to Singapadu from Denpasar at the conclusion of their studies made a great changes to the local Cak performance which were widely imitated.
At that time the single Ramayana episode was lengthened to represent the whole epic tale. The Sendratari costumes were brought into use, and a great deal of new music from the Sendratari repertoire was adapted for the huge chorus.
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