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  Endangered Habitat

If such simple areas as these have not been adequately dealt with, how about the environmental concerns with longer term implications - such as, for instance, the existence of a golf course which threatens the turtles' survival at a nearby beach.

There was such a disaster at the end of 1996 on a beach in northern Bali. After a massive outbreak, the actions of a combination of government officers, fishermen, and NGO members succeeded in killing approximately 400,000 Acanthaster Planci. In the meantime, Acanthaster Planci succeeded in destroying a significant amount of coral, so that only eight percent of the entire population now remains.

Another case is that of Serangan Island. When Serangan Island was reclaimed, there was a change to the direction and movement of the ocean around it. It has been suggested that these changes were responsible for the beaching of four old melonheaded whales (Peponocephala Electra). Two whales eventually died in that tragedy.

A further area of concern is with river pollution. Most of the 84 garment dying companies along the Tukad Badung, for example, do not have adequate waste management facilities. The pollutants used in dyeing process eventually reach the corals in the sea, killing the foramimifer sp., which help to smash coral to form sand. Without the production of new sand, the beaches will erode fast.

Many beaches in Bali have seriously eroded, including some of main tourist beaches such as Tanah Lot, Candi Dasa, Sanur, and Kuta. Kuta alone erodes up to four metres each years. These cases above are but a few examples of the two basic environmental problems that Bali is currently facing; the problem of limited natural resources and the threat toward the preservation of the natural environment.

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