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  Agrarian Economy

Bali's economy is basically agrarian: the vast majority of the Balinese are still simple peasants working in the fields. Coffee, copra and cattle are major agricultural exports. Most of the rice goes to feed Bali's own teeming population.

Although the Balinese are an island people, their unusual tendency to focus on the mountains rather than the sea is reflected in the importance of fishing. While there are many fishing villages and fish are part of the Balinese diet, fishing as an activity is not on the scale you might expect, given how much ocean there is around the island.

Tourism plays a considerable role in the Balinese economy, not only in providing accommodation, meals and services to many visitors but also in providing a market for all those arts and crafts!

Rice growing and export about 100,000 tons annually - still dominates the economy, but tourism is catching up fast, employing an ever greater proportion of the population.

In 1990, only 50% of the population was employed in agriculture. Besides rice, the Balinese grow tea, tobacco, cacao, copra, groundnuts, cassava, indigo, maize, onions, and legumes. Coffee is another major export crop, shipped primarily to Japan, the Netherlands, and the U.S.A.

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